El Salvador's Flag
History of El Salvador El Salvador's Flag El Salvador's Departments El Salvador's shield
A fabric parallelogram composed of three
horizontal strips is the National flag; blue first and third, white the one of
the center, their official dimensions are: 3,35 meters in length per 1,89 of
wide; each strip, 0,63 of wide. Nevertheless, it can give it him any dimension,
whenever it conserves the same strips and both colors. It was adopted by Decree
of the Legislative Power of the 17 of May of 1912, published in the Official
Newspaper of the 30 of the same month and year. President of the National
Assembly was Doctor Cattle Francisco, First Secretary Don Juan Mena and Segundo
Prosecretario Don R. Quintanilla. The initiative left from the President of the
Republic, Doctor Manuel Enrique Araujo. It is the same Flag of the Central
American Federation, decreed by the Constituent National Assembly the 21 of
August of 1823, his colors were chosen by Manuel Jose Maple when they named head
of the Salvadoran milicianos that fought the annexation of the Provinces
Together with of the Center from America Mexico in 1822.
The own President of the Republic Doctor Manuel Enrique Araujo, raised the new Flag in the spear placed in front of the Presidential Tribune of the Mars Field, in the morning of the 15 of September of 1912. In that solemn ceremony they made formal appearance civilian and military civil employees, next to numerous concurrence.
In its Civic book "and Moral Practice" 1914 edition, Doctor David J. Guzmán describes to the ceremony asi ': "the 15 of September of 1912 in the great Military parade of the Mars Field the important ceremony of the Oath of the new Flag of El Salvador was celebrated. To a so exciting act it rendered the army and the crowd the tribute of his admiration and enthusiasm when floating the wind the striking emblem of our nationality "."A shining sun and a calm sky arrive, served as majestic pallium this deslumbradora scene; whereas on the green turf the flashing arms, I touch martial of the bands, the clamoreo of the people seemed like the waves of a anxious sea that affected the souls in an enthusiasm rate ". According to the law, the envoys from the Government to foreign nations will use the National flag. Also the offices of the Supreme Powers and any official or municipal institutions, without the shield, but with the words "God Union Freedom" in the white strip. In the ports and ships the Flag will take the Shield in the center.
In the merchant ships, the flags and pennant streamers will not take shield, "but the God words Union Freedom", in letters of silver-plated color.
The Flag of the military bodies will have to contain in the center the Shield with all its inner blazons, in the superior strip the Words "God Union Freedom" and in the inferior strip, the class and the number of each military body. In those of infantry and artillery the color of both legend will be gilded; in those of cavalry, silverplated.
The executive authority will be able to authorize to particular, municipal institutions or officials so that they place a special motto in the Flag; on condition that it always takes to the words "God Union Freedom". With a fine of fifty colons by infraction, demanded governmental, the person or institution who uses the Flag in form and of way will be sanctioned different from which the law prescribes.
In the celebrations mother countries it is obligatory to raise the Flag in the buildings public of the country. Also in the anniversary of the nations with those who El Salvador cultivates friendship relations, along with the Flag of the respective country. The ceremony takes place to the 6 hours, with support of 21 gun firings. To the 18 hours of the same day the Flag with same the honors must become flooded.
Civilians and military are in the obligation to salute to the Flag when they happen her in front of. The seconds with the extended and put right hand on the visor; first, with the forearm straight horizontally placed on the chest.
In the dates of national duel, the Flag is placed to average spear with crespón black in its superior end. In order to hoist it one takes first until the superior end of the spear and one lowers there. The same operation but in inverse sense, is repeated at the time of striking the Flag.
The civil regiments, battalions or colectivities choose like standardbearing the person of more excellent merits. It grasps it with the right hand, while the inferior end of the spear in a tumbler maintained by a shoulder belt rests. Four people but do guardía of honor.
They have also sung to him to the National flag, in inspired compositions by verse, the following Salvadoran poets:
Oration to the Salvadoran Flag, awarded with gold medal in the aid promoted by the newspaper "the Press" in 1915).
Arming To Rodriguez Opening
A Hymn to the Salvadoran Flag wrote whose music composed Ciriaco de Jesus Alas and Francisco Gavidia others with music of the same composer sonsonateco.
The blue and white Flag replaced old of five blue strips and four white that in the superior angle a picture of incarnated color showed, with 14 white stars of five tips each one which symbolized the 14 departments of the Republic.
This Flag was adopted by decree of 28 of April of 1865 published the 8 of May of the same year in "the Light". It emitted it with the express authorization of the Legislative Power, the President of the Republic, Doctor Francisco Owners, with Gregorio Arbizú like Minister of Outer Relations and Public Instruction.
The primitive flag only had in the incarnated picture 9 stars, in representation of the 9 departments of that time, which, said by their order of antiguedad, are: San Salvador, Sonsonate, San Vicente, San Miguel, La Paz, Santa Ana, Chalatenango, Libertad and Cuscatlán. As it increased the number of the departments stars were being added until completing 14 in 1875.
The 14 of May of 1865, in the Church Cathedral of San Salvador, were blessed by ecclesiastical authorities the Flag in sumptuous ceremony.
They attended the President of the Republic, Doctor Francisco Owners, civilian and military members of its Cabinet, employees and a crowd of people. The Trimming inhabitant of the capital awarded to the standard the corresponding honors to him.
In the newspaper "the Light", edition of 22 of May of the same year the poet Juan J. Cañas, author of the letter of the National anthem, published in 10 a eighth real composition dedicated to the Flag. "you are inaugurated says to him, striking/and without mancilla and warlike origin that empañe"/"Dios it blesses to you, that protects its benign hand to you of eternal peace abriéndote the way".
The 2 of April of 1851, the National Diet, with seat in Leon, Nicaragua, created by the Pact of Leon celebrated in 1849, decreed obligatory the Flag of the Central American Federation, composed of two blue strips a white in the center, with the drawn shield, for the Republic integrated by Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua.
Also the Greater Republic of America Center, composed by El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua, like result of the Pact of Amapala signed in June of 1895, adopted the Flag of 1851 with two blue strips and one white in the center, hoisted the 1 of November of 1898. Due to the events of the 21 of November of 1898, that gave aim to the Greater Republic, it returned the Flag from the 9 strips and the picture incarnated with 14 estrellas.Los colors blue and white of the Flag of the Central American Federation was suggested by Manuel Jose Maple, when the Salvadoran milicianos named commander of the forces of El Salvador which they were against to the annexation Mexico, decreed in 1822.
San Martín Belgrade remembered Maple the Argentine colors of próceres and communicated the idea to Doña Felipa Aranzamendi, his wife, and their sister Antonia Manuela, both women made with white and celestial silk the Flag of the Province of El Salvador.
In solemn ceremony celebrated in the Church Cathedral, with attendance of the town and the troops, it was blessed the 20 of February of 1822, after the campaign mass. With her as lábaro the Salvadoran armies were covered with glory, until falling won by the adversary superiority.
In order to pay tribute to the standard of Maple, the Constituent National Assembly decreed blue and white like Flag of the Central American Federation the 21 of August of 1823, with the Shield in the center.