El Salvador's shield
History of El Salvador
El Salvador's Flag
El Salvador's Departments
El Salvador's shield
Officially adopted the 15 of September of 1912, along with blue
and White Flag of the Federation, the Shield of El Salvador has the following
An equilateral Triangle:
- In the base of the triangle a mountain range formed by five volcanos, the waters
of two seas bathe the mountain range.
- In the superior part of the triangle, a rainbow; it lowered the rainbow, the cap
frigio of incarnated color, scattering lights; on the lights, in semicircle,
legend 15 OF SEPTEMBER OF 1821.
- Around the triangle, in gold letters the words REPUBLIC OF El Salvador IN
CENTRAL AMERICA .
In the base of the triangle, the GOD legend UNION FREEDOM , to each side of the
triangle, two flags one with two blue strips and one white in the center, that
are interlaced in half of the base of the triangle, and an equal flag in the
superior vertex. All in spear that finishes in a lance; and two interlaced
branches of laurel in circular form, that finishes in the two superior lateral
flags, each one with seven gores.
The triangle indicates that all we are equal before the law; the angles, the
three powers of the Government: Legislative, Executive and Judicial.
In the Mountain range the volcanic nature of our ground and the five nations are
represented that form America center.
Both seas are the Atlantic and the Pacific, that bathe the Central American
The rainbow is peace symbol.
The cap frigio proclaims the luminous freedom and rays that surround it, the
ideals of the Salvadoran town. The legend put on the luminous space indicates
the date of our political emancipation. Our condition of members of a single
mother country, the Central American is expressed in the legend of the rededor.
The words placed on the foot indicate our belief in a Supreme Being, the harmony
that must reign in the Salvadoran family and the principle of independence that
prevails to us in the thought, the word and the action. The five flags represent
the five Central America nations.
In the laurel branches the glory is symbolized that we must conquer in all the
aspects of the human activity. Finally, the 14 gores represent the 14
departments in which administratively the republic of El Salvador is divided.
The original design of the shield belongs to the Salvadoran handwriting expert
Rafael Barraza Rodriguez, who overcame in the aid promoted to the effect by the
Ministry military and Navy. It had thirty competitors. Not satisfied with the
bases with the contest, Mr. Barraza Rodriguez added to the Shield the five
pavilions to him of El Salvador that surround to the triangle and both laurel
branches that include the set. A decree of the National Assembly, emitted the 20
of March of 1916 and published in the Official Newspaper seven days later, gave
force him of law to the two added standards.
The Congress presided over Don J. M. Batres; President of the Republic was Don
Carlos Meléndez, and Minister military doctor Enrique Córdova.
The Original ones of the Shield elaborated by Mr. Rodriguez Barraza, one in
black and another one in colors, were exhibited in the display cabinets of
Sagrera Ironworks, of the capital, several days of the month of August of 1912,
along with the works of the other offerers.
It refers a cronista that in front of the exhibition began to march past public
inhabitant of the capital "and all the glances stopped with insistence in the
shield of the laurels and the pavilions".
The law orders that the Shield is placed in all the ports and public offices.
Llevara'n with all its emblems: The great seal of the Nation, the seal of the
Secretariat of the National Assembly, the one of agent of the Government and the
Courts of Justice.
Also the Shield in the furniture or vehicles of national property, in the paper
of the correspondence of the Supreme Powers of the State and by the particular
people or institutions in each celebration or national duels will be able to be
used. The executive authority will be able to also authorize the use of the
Shield, on condition that it does not take to the legend "Republic of El
Salvador in Central America" and "God Union Freedom", either the laurel
branches. The pavilions of the rededor can be suppressed voluntarily.
The people who will use or will order the use of the Shield in form and way
different from which the law prescribes, will be punished very governmentally
with a fine of fifty colons by each infraction.
In the same date in which it was changed the Federal Flag also modified the
Shield of Arms of El Salvador. The Decree is dated the 20 of April of 1865, the
18 of following May published the newspaper "the Faro".De conformity with this
Decree the Shield this placed in medallón round with the color edges mahogany.
In the inferior space of the shield, a similar volcano to the Izalco in superior
space, 9 stars in semicircle that represent the nine of departments of that
To both sides of the Shield two horns descend from abundance spill flowers and
fruits of the country. Of the union of the horns it takes a vertical that
maintains to a cap frigio.
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